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Museum of the Armored

Room Allied World War II

Room Allied World War II

The first Allied tanks present in France, as of September 1939, were the Matilda tanks and the Vickers chenilletes of the British Expeditionary Force, who came to support the French troops in the north. Other units of the Royal Tank Corps, equipped with light tanks Matilda II and Covenanter, All these troops will courageously fight, during the counter-attack of Abbeville in particular, despite the weaknesses of their equipment, little armored and only weapons of 40 mm guns.

The Dieppe suicide operation (Spring 1942), where Canadian troops will be sacrificed to withdraw lessons from a landing attempt, will see the first commitment of the new Churchill tank, from which will be derived a whole family of special machines or "funnies": bearer of fascines to fill the pits; "Crocodile": equipped with a flamethrower and a trailer for incendiary frost; anemones with a chains of hammers hammering the ground. . .

Alliee Room

Then comes the Valentine, whose exemplary 10 000s will concern various versions, and which will equip the French Army of Africa, during the fighting of Tunisia. All these blinds will fight effectively against the Italian blinds in Cyrenaica, but the least that can be said is that they will not make the weight against Marshal Rommel's Panzer.

Fortunately, massive American reinforcements arrive in Egypt and it is with no pleasure that the "Desert Rat" discovers the new Grant and Sherman during the battle of EI Alamein, in the autumn 1942. It's sort of a baptism of fire for the American blinds.

In the inter-war period, the United States showed no interest in tanks, which were of no use. Their only experience in this field was that of General Patton during the First World War. Formed at the Cavalry School of Saumur, he created in the east of France the first school of blinds US with Renault FT and will participate in the attack of Saint-Mihiel.

Some gear you'll come across in the room Allies World War II:

- M4 Sherman

- Jeep

- KV 1

- AM M8 Greyhound

- T34 / 76

- Matilda II

- Churchill Mk.V

And many others ...


machinery

  • The Churchill

    If we do not expect a chariot to assault aesthetic miracles, the silhouette of the Churchill is still surprising, with its lines pruned to snip, its immense caterpillars, its almost cylindrical turret d where a meager cannon comes out. Yet the 540 examples of these tanks, produced in different versions, proved very effective, on all fronts ...

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  • The Valentine Mark III tank

    The file of the project of new chariot of accompanying of the infantry was proposed to the ministry of the British War in 1938, on the day of the Valentine's Day. He was baptized Valentine! Like all British tanks of that time, it was not an extraordinary machine although the 3700 units of several versions were built. The Free French ...

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  • The Stuart tank

    If its name suggests a British origin, the Stuartest makes a light American tank of 13 tons which knew its hour of glory during the two battles of El Alamein, in June and October 1942. Yet with its 30 mm gun, these 7,62 mm machine guns and its 38 mm armor, this small machine, of little weight in front of the Rommel Panzer III and IV, could play an effective role ...

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  • the Matilda MK I and II tank

    It was a trendy song across the Channel in 1940: "Walzing Matilda," extrapolated to the musette swaying on the hips of English railwaymen when they walked. And, as these tanks had a very supple suspension, they were baptized Matilda! Another legend tells that this tank was called Matilda by the Australian troops arriving in Egypt in 1942: The ...

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  • The M4 Sherman tank

    For the French, the tank Sherman is the mythical tank of the liberation, especially since it equipped the Division Leclerc when it entered Paris. There was general agreement that it was not a very good device. (12 to 76 mm), poorly armed (1 gun of 75 and 2 machine gun), slow (40 km / h), the M4 was in all points lower than the German tanks. But the number (more ...

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  • The tank T 34-76

    It can be said of this tank that it traumatized the Germans when it made its appearance during the counter-offensives of the winter 1941-1942, before Moscow. Studied on the specialties of the climate and the Russian topography, he spent his time in the snow and mud where the Panzers got bogged down. Its diesel engine started in a quarter turn while the Werhmacht consumed a precious ...

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